Economic Empowerment of Women in Cambodia: Progress and Challenges


Economic Empowerment of Women in Cambodia: Progress and Challenges In the heart of Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s economic landscape is undergoing a remarkable transformation. Central to this change is the role of women, who are increasingly becoming the backbone of the nation’s economy.

As a developing country, Cambodia faces numerous challenges, but it also boasts a wealth of opportunities, particularly in the realm of women’s economic empowerment. This article delves into the strides made towards empowering Cambodian women economically and the hurdles that still need to be overcome, highlighting the importance of initiatives such as those by Youth Development Supporters.

The Journey of Empowerment

Education and Skill Development

The journey towards economic empowerment often begins with education. In Cambodia, there has been a concerted effort to improve access to education for girls, which is a fundamental step towards equipping them with the skills needed to enter the workforce.

Initiatives by various organizations, including those by Youth Development Supporters, have played a pivotal role in this regard, offering vocational training and skill development programs tailored for young women.

These educational initiatives are not just about literacy and numeracy; they encompass a wide range of life skills and knowledge that empower women to navigate the economic landscape confidently.

Entrepreneurship and Microfinance

Entrepreneurship has emerged as a powerful tool for women’s economic empowerment in Cambodia. Microfinance institutions have been instrumental in this, providing women with the capital to start and grow their own businesses.

These small-scale enterprises not only contribute to the economy but also bring about social change, as women gain financial independence and a voice within their communities. The success of these businesses often inspires other women in the community, creating a ripple effect of empowerment and economic growth.

The Role of Technology

Bridging the Digital Divide

In the digital age, technology is a game-changer for economic empowerment. In Cambodia, efforts are being made to bridge the digital divide, with women being trained in ICT skills that open up new job opportunities.

From digital marketing to online businesses, technology is enabling Cambodian women to connect with the global economy. This digital empowerment is crucial for women to compete in an increasingly tech-driven world, ensuring they are not left behind as the economy evolves.

Innovation and E-commerce

Innovation and e-commerce platforms have provided women entrepreneurs in Cambodia with unprecedented access to markets. Women are now able to sell their products and services online, reaching customers far beyond their localities.

This has not only increased their earning potential but also inspired a new generation of female entrepreneurs. The challenge now is to ensure that these digital platforms are accessible and user-friendly for all women, regardless of their educational background or where they live.

Progress in the Workforce

Increasing Participation

Women’s participation in the Cambodian workforce has seen a significant increase. The garment industry, one of the country’s largest sectors, employs a vast number of women.

This has not only contributed to the nation’s GDP but also to the economic well-being of countless families.

However, it’s crucial to ensure that this participation is not just in terms of numbers but also in the quality of employment that offers fair wages and safe working conditions.

Leadership Roles

There is a growing presence of women in leadership roles within the Cambodian economy. Women are breaking the glass ceiling, taking up managerial positions, and leading companies.
This shift not only challenges the traditional gender roles but also showcases the capabilities of women as leaders and decision-makers.

Encouraging more women to take up leadership roles can have a transformative impact on the economy and society at large.

Challenges to Overcome

Cultural Norms and Gender Bias

Despite the progress, cultural norms and gender bias still pose significant challenges to women’s economic empowerment in Cambodia.

Traditional views often limit women’s access to education and economic opportunities. There is a need for ongoing societal change to address these deep-rooted beliefs.
Campaigns and education programmes that challenge stereotypes and promote gender equality are essential to changing these perceptions.

Access to Resources

Access to resources remains a hurdle for many Cambodian women. While microfinance has helped, there is still a gap in access to larger credit lines and financial services that can help women scale their businesses and ventures.

Strengthening women’s property rights and access to financial services would empower them to make investments and take risks that are often necessary for business growth.

Balancing Work and Family

The balance between work and family responsibilities often falls heavily on women. Finding this balance while pursuing economic activities can be a challenge, particularly in a society where women are traditionally the primary caregivers.

There is a need for more supportive infrastructure, such as affordable childcare and flexible work arrangements, to help women manage these dual responsibilities.

The Way Forward

Policy and Government Support

For sustainable economic empowerment of women in Cambodia, supportive policies and government backing are crucial.

Legislation that promotes gender equality, protects women’s rights in the workplace, and encourages female entrepreneurship is essential for continued progress.

The government can also play a role in facilitating access to markets and credit for women entrepreneurs, helping to level the playing field.

Education and Continuous Learning

Education remains key. Ensuring that girls have equal access to education and encouraging lifelong learning for women will help in building a skilled workforce ready to meet the demands of a changing economy.

Continuous learning opportunities, particularly in the realms of technology and business, can help women stay competitive and innovative.

International Collaboration

International collaboration and support can provide the necessary momentum for empowering women economically in Cambodia.

Partnerships with global organisations can bring in expertise, funding, and a platform for Cambodian women to engage with international markets.

Such collaborations can also help in advocating for policy changes and in implementing best practices from around the world.


The economic empowerment of women in Cambodia is a journey marked by significant progress and persistent challenges. The strides made in education, entrepreneurship, and workforce participation are commendable, but there is still a long road ahead.

Addressing cultural norms, increasing access to resources, and balancing work with family life are areas that require attention. With the right policies, continued education, and international support, the economic empowerment of women in Cambodia can reach new heights, contributing to the overall development and prosperity of the nation.

The collective effort of individuals, communities, and governments will be pivotal in shaping a future where Cambodian women can thrive economically and contribute fully to the tapestry of the nation’s success.